The RoHS Directive (from English: Restriction of Hazardous Substances, restrictions on harmful substances), adopted in February 2003 by the European Community, is linked to the directive on the scrapping of electrical and electronic equipment regarding their collection, recycling and recovery, to regulate the disposal of large quantities of such equipment at the end of their life cycle.

The RoHS directive was replaced by the RoHS 2 Directive on 3 January 2013.